This allows all the nutrients in the plant to be directed to the smaller shoots. These bananas are the most common variety, easily available in supermarkets in the United States. Du Roi Laboratory produce Cavendish, sub-group of the Musa AAA genome, dessert banana plants of the following varieties: Williams. In Nakaseke, both landraces and hybrids were mentioned whereas in Mbarara, only landraces were reported. The origins of this banana are most likely of the Ivory coastal region of African and it is assumed was brought to the Americas via slave ship, but no one really knows. In Africa, more than 90 percent of harvested bananas are consumed locally and exports are not very common, except in just a few countries. The anthers are pink, while the stigmata are orange. [8], Their leaves are also darker green and dull, a difference more apparent when comparing them side by side with other banana cultivars from a distance. There are various types of banana unique to Africa, and these can be eaten fresh, cooked, fried and processed to be served as baby food, juice and beer. Most of the banana varieties grown in Uganda are endemic (indigenous) to the East African highlands—a region recognized as a secondary center of banana diversity. [8], The fruits are recurved and can vary in length. [13], East African Highland bananas are one of the most important staple food crops in the African Great Lakes region, particularly for Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and Rwanda. They are genetically distinct from the other AAA cultivars, having evolved locally in the African Great Lakes region for over a millennium. Each plant just produces one stem of bananas, holding up to 200 bananas. In Tanzania bananas are part of the staple diet and are eaten in nearly all households. It is thought that bananas originated in West Africa, and in the native African language the fruit was called locally as … Some parts of the country are major banana producers and they supply Tanzania’s demand. Bananas and plantains are the world’s fourth most important food crop and are of critical importance to the food security and income generation of more than 70 million Africans. zebrina) of the wild banana species Musa acuminata.[1]. Williams was imported from Australia, and released in South Africa mainly to eliminate the problem of choke throat in cold winters 2004. [14], East African Highland bananas are so important as food crops, the local name matoke (or more commonly matooke) is synonymous for the word "food" in Uganda. Banana and plantain are important staple foods in many developing countries, especially in Africa. Our guide Max recalls wildlife scenarios on safari in Tanzania, Tanzania: Where to go on safari, and why it matters where you go. [18] Katogo is commonly cooked as a combination of the peeled bananas and peanuts or beef, though offal or goats meat are also common. [citation needed], Matoke are also used to make a popular breakfast dish called Katogo in Uganda. They are classified into groups according to a genome-based system introduced by Ernest Cheesman, Norman Simmonds, and … ‘Costa Rican Hybrid Globe‘- grows up instead of hanging, makes stubby, round fruits. BANANA is an important staple food in East and Central Africa providing significant sources of income to farmers in rural areas but they are under threat of pest and diseases that cause yield loss. Black leaf Sigatoka, one of the most widespread and damaging banana diseases—causing yield losses of 20–50%—is widespread in Uganda and Tanzania, posing a challenge to banana production as bananas grown in East Africa are susceptible to the disease. Driving through the country, banana plants and plantations are seen everywhere. The two countries produce over a half of all bananas grown in Africa, with the region's yearly banana crop … [8], East African Highland bananas are triploid (AAA) cultivars. Currently, the top 10 varieties grown in South Africa are as follows: Crimson Seedless; Prime Seedless Die Bananen (Musa), veraltet Paradiesfeigen, sind eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Bananengewächse (Musaceae) innerhalb der Einkeimblättrigen Pflanzen (Monokotyledonen). Remove tough covering and eat the soft white inner part. The bracts are ovate to lanceolate in shape with outer surfaces that are purple to brown and inner surfaces which are red fading to yellow towards the base. Introduction, evaluation and adoption of such varieties by local producers may be one of the options to boost yields. The pot is then placed on a charcoal or wood fire and the matoke is steamed for a couple of hours, water is poured into the bottom of the cooking pot multiple times. The new FHIA-17 banana variety matures within 12 months and has an impressive number of banana fingers and weighs more than 100 kg. African Center for Research on Bananas and Plantains (CARBAP) Technical Consultation on Prevention and Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Banana 9-10 December 2014, Rome . todays East African Highland banana varieties) that have been selected by farmers and environments across East Africa. [19], In Bukoba, Tanzania, matoke (or ebitooke) are cooked with meat or smoked catfish, and beans or groundnuts. East African Highland bananas are considered to be especi… India is the world’s biggest producer of bananas. This type of banana is also commonly found in… In Africa, starchy varieties of banana and plantain (Musa) are a key staple food crop, providing food security, nutrition and income for millions of smallholder farmers. Another one of the most popular types of bananas is the Plantain banana. The groups are: Plantain – cooking bananas. 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