You need JavaScript enabled to view it. These chemicals have few of the negative chemical effects on the environment commonly associated with NaCl and CaCl2. It is used as an insecticide. Its vapor pressure and Henry’s Law constant indicate that it does not volatilize from air or water and moist soil surface. Industrially, elemental chlorine is usually produced by the electrolysis of sodium chloride dissolved in water. Respiratory Protection:  Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved dust-mist-fume cartridge respirator. It’s a white crystalline mineral substance that’s used as a seasoning in many foods, as well as in many workplace situations for a wide variety of purposes. This arrangement is known as cubic close packed (ccp). Sodium ions as such are practically nontoxic. [4][5], Categories: Chlorides | Sodium compounds | Edible salt | Metal halides | Salts | Preservatives | Antiseptics. As in any fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand. Medicago’s Sodium Chloride reagent is exactly pre-weighed as tablets or as a powder. Drink plenty of water. (Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials). Salt is currently mass produced by evaporation of seawater or brine from other sources, such as brine wells and salt lakes, and by mining rock salt, called halite. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 03/27/2018 EN (English US) 3/9 6.1.2. var addy_text121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b = 'sales' + '@' + 'espimetals' + '.' + 'com';document.getElementById('cloak121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b').innerHTML += ''+addy_text121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b+'<\/a>'; Formula:              NaCl                                                                     Â, Percent (%):                  0-100, OSHA/PEL:                      N/E, ACGIH/TLV:                     N/E, Health:                           2, Reactivity:                     1, Boiling Point:                   1413 oC, Melting Point:                  801 oC, Specific Gravity:             2.165, Solubility in H2O:            Soluble                                                 Â, Appearance and Odor:   White crystalline powder, no odor, Flammable Limits:  Lower:  N/A      Upper:  N/A. Skin:  May cause irritation, itching and dermatitis. Steps to be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled: Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.  Isolate the area where the spill has occurred and insure that proper ventilation is available.  Vacuum up spill using a high efficiency unit and place in a container for proper disposal.  Take care not to raise dust. Hypertonic sodium chloride solutions have been used to induce abortion in late pregnancy by direct infusion into the uterus (Brown et al, 1972), but this route of administration is not relevant to occupational exposures. Date of Issue: 07/18/2017 Material Safety Data Sheet Sodium Chloride Solution, 0.9% Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable. Sodium Chloride Injection, Concentrate, contains sodium chloride. For greater convenience a blister pack with 10 tablets is also avaliable. In the Mannheim process and in the Hargreaves process, it is used for the production of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid. In humans, a high-salt intake was demonstrated to attenuate Nitric Oxide production. Ink, Isopropyl Alcohol (Any type ofAlcohol is flammable), Tin (Liquid and Solid, but not as the typical sheet, more of a steel wool type form), Iron (Same forms as tin), and sodium chloride. In clinical use, sodium chloride is used in the management of deficiencies of sodium and chloride ions in salt-losing conditions. Find out how LUMITOS supports you with online marketing. Sodium chloride is the chemical name given to salt or table salt. INHALATION:  Remove victim to fresh air.  Seek medical attention. Hazardous Polymerization:  Will not occur. Sodium Chloride Safety Information & Tips. When bulk sodium chloride is heated to high temperature, a vapor is emitted which is irritating to the eyes, particularly. Sodium chloride is used in other chemical processes for the large-scale production of compounds containing sodium or chlorine. Containment and Clean-Up Procedures: Use barriers to prevent … Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. 77, No. Sodium chloride’s high solubility renders it very mobile, while its particle density makes it sink to the bottom of a surface waterbody. It is held together with an ionic bond and electrostatic forces. ... non-flammable, non-explosive, and non- toxic. INGREDIENT NAME % (W/W) CAS NO. It is a popular myth that salt also has a practical use in cooking in that it raises the boiling point of water, allowing food to cook quicker, since the temperature of the surrounding water is above 100 degrees Celsius. Thionyl chloride, Phosphorous pentachloride, Phosphorous Pentoxide, Sodium bisulfate, Tin chloride, Acetyl chloride, ... ①인화성고체(Flammable solids) : 쉽게점화하고격렬하게지속적으로탈수있다. addy121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b = addy121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b + 'espimetals' + '.' + 'com'; Sodium Chloride Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. In most of Canada and the northern USA, large quantities of rock salt are used to help clear highways of ice during winter, although "Road Salt" loses its melting ability at temperatures below -15°C to -20°C (5°F to -4°F). Inhalation:  Material is irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. In the Solvay process, sodium chloride is used for producing sodium carbonate and calcium chloride. salt lowers the freezing point of the water, which allows the liquid to be Any concentration shown as a range is to protect confidentiality or is due to batch variation. Created on 11/20/2019 Page 1 of 5 Safety Data Sheet . 77, No. Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazards:  When heated to decomposition, it may emit toxic fumes. Phosphorus : Acids, bases, oxidizers, and poisons. For this reason salt is used to preserve some foods, such as smoked bacon or fish and can also be used to detach leeches that have attached themselves to feed. Flammable gases and vapors form explosive mixtures with chlorine. It is noncombustible. Literature sources indicate that this compound is nonflammable. Sodium appears as a silvery soft metal that becomes grayish white upon exposure to air. Eliminate all sources of ignition and provide ventilation. This works because salt and water form an eutectic mixture. Many microorganisms cannot live in an overly salty environment: water is drawn out of their cells by osmosis. This same basic structure is found in many other minerals, and is known as the halite structure. While most people are familiar with the many uses of salt in cooking, they might be unaware that salt is used in a plethora of applications, from manufacturing pulp and paper to setting dyes in textiles and fabric, to producing soaps and detergents. Consuming salt in excess can also dehydrate the human body. Sodium chloride is sometimes used as a cheap and safe desiccant due to its hygroscopic properties, making salting an effective method of food preservation historically. Chemicals used in de-icing salts are mostly found to be sodium chloride (NaCl) or calcium chloride (CaCl2). You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Sodium Chloride 6. Sodium chloride Not classified Implementation: other: self classification Related composition Related composition: Sodium Chloride Classification open all close all. Other Protective Clothing or Equipment:  Wear protective clothing to prevent contamination of skin and clothes. Sodium chloride is widely used in many laboratory routines. © 1997-2021 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved, https://www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Sodium_chloride.html, Your browser is not current. It is corrosive to aluminum. Special Firefighting Procedures and Equipment: Full structural firefighting (bunker) gear for a surrounding fire as for any fire - no special gear or procedures necessary. Chemicals such as calcium magnesium acetate and potassium formate are being produced. Protective Equipment: See section 8 Environmental Precautions: Prevent release to the environment by using barriers. Sodium Chloride 7647-14-5 15 / 5* 10** 17.6-22.8 Potassium ... Brine is non-flammable and does not support combustion. Find out more about the company LUMITOS and our team. Sodium chloride side effects. While salt was once a scarce commodity in history, industrialized production has now made salt plentiful. Sodium itself is NOT flammable but it reacts explosively when it comes in contact with water, releasing an enormous amount of heat. Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with the formula Na Cl.Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. For emergency responders Protective equipment : Equip cleanup crew with proper protection. 53925 Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage:  Store in tightly closed containers in a cool dry place.  Wash hands and face thoroughly after handling and before eating. Ingestion:  Large amounts of sodium chloride can cause stomach irritation. The above information is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide.  ESPI shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Learn more about the medical uses for salt. Sodium chloride may … Physical hazards. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 03/20/2018 EN (English US) 2/6 First-aid measures after ingestion : Do not induce vomiting. Waste Disposal Method:  Disposal must be made in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations. This email address is being protected from spambots. Incompatibility (Material to avoid):  Lithium, bromide trifluoride, oxidizing agents.Â. In medieval times salt would be rubbed into household surfaces as a cleansing agent. Both are similar and are effective in de-icing roads. It is also sometimes used to attract moisture in other applications, for example in a Salt lamp. E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. Flammable Solids : Store in a separate dry, cool area away from oxidizers, corrosives, flammable liquids. In one gram of sodium chloride, there are approximately 0.3933 grams of sodium, and 0.6067 g of chlorine. Product Name: Sodium Chloride 0.9% Synonyms/Generic Names: Sodium Chloride Product Number: 4828 Product Use: Industrial, Manufacturing or Laboratory use Manufacturer: Columbus Chemical Industries, Inc. N4335 Temkin Rd. EnvironmentalChemistry.com Environmental , Chemistry & Hazardous Materials News, … Table salt sold for consumption today is not pure sodium chloride. For a solution of table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) in water, the freezing temperature becomes -21 °C (-6 °F) under controlled lab conditions. Salt is also the raw material used to produce chlorine which itself is required for the production of many modern materials including PVC and pesticides. Salt, Sodium Chloride, NaCl, Raw Salt, De-Icing Salt, Rocanville Coarse . It is soluble in water. affected area with soap and water.  Seek medical attention. Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters . The Na reacts with the H2O and forms NaOH and H2 and gives off a lot of heat. stable at lower temperatures and allows the ice to melt. This is the '08-'09 school year's flame test demonstration. Sodium chloride—also known as salt—is used in medical treatments such as IV infusions and catheter flushes. Mubychem Group has several manufacturing facilities spread across Western India and world wide contacts and toll … SKIN:  Brush material off skin.  Wash affected area with soap and water.  Seek medical attention. Excess salt consumption causes elevated levels of blood pressure (hypertension) in some, which in turn is associated with increased risks of heart attack and stroke. Sodium chloride solutions are fairly neutral with a pH range from 6.6 to 8.5. The reagent is 99.99% pure and is supplied in three concentrations. Columbus, WI. Non-flammable 반수 치사량 또는 반수 치사농도 (LD, LC): LD 50 (median dose) 6500 mg/kg (rats, oral) 700 mg/kg (dogs, oral) 관련 화합물 다른 음이온. Extinguishing Media:  Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding material and type of fire. This is done in a Down's cell in which sodium chloride is mixed with calcium chloride to lower the melting point below 700 °C. Sodium chloride is inflammable. Prior to using sodium chloride, carefully read and understand the product Safety Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Not available. In these, the larger chloride ions, shown to the right as green spheres, are arranged in a cubic close-packing, while the smaller sodium ions, shown to the right as blue spheres, fill the octahedral gaps between them. Special Firefighting Procedures:  Firefighters must wear a full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE. var addy121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b = 'sales' + '@'; Salt is commonly used as a flavour enhancer and preservative for food and has been identified as one of the basic tastes. BASIC HAZARD GROUPS LABORATORY SAFETY FACT SHEET #7 SAFE STORAGE OF CHEMICALS INTRODUCTION: If incompatible chemicals are inadvertently mixed a fire, explosion, or toxic release can easily occur. Toll Free (800) 638-2581 * Fax (541) 488-8313. Salt for de-icing in the UK typically contains sodium hexacyanoferrate (II) at less than 100ppm as an anti-caking agent. Adding Nitric oxide (NO) contributes to vessel homeostasis by inhibiting vascular smooth muscle contraction and growth, platelet aggregation, and leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium [[1]]. Flammable Limits in air % by volume: Lel: N/A Uel: N/A Solubility in/ Miscibility with Water@20ºC: 358 g/l 10. It is also used to fluorinate water supplies, as a wood preservative, in cleaning compounds, manufacture of glass, and for many other uses. Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with the formula NaCl. Sodium Chloride, 240 g/L Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Sodium Chloride Solution Safety Data Sheet According to U.S. Federal Register / Vol. In 2002, world production was estimated at 210 million metric tonnes, the top five producers being the United States (40.3 million tonnes), China (32.9), Germany (17.7), India (14.5), and Canada (12.3).[1]. To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. Sodium Chloride 0.9% . Hazardous Decomposition Products:  Toxic fumes of chloride and sodium oxide. Burns violently with explosions that may spatter the material. This method is less expensive than the previous method of electrolyzing sodium hydroxide. Work Practices:  Implement engineering and work practice controls to reduce and maintain concentration of exposure at low levels.  Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices.  Do not use tobacco or food in work area.  Wash thoroughly before eating and smoking.  Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.  Maintain eyewash capable of sustained flushing, safety drench shower and facilities for washing. Take steps now to prevent damage to your facility, or harm to lab personnel. Stability and reactivity Stability: Stable Incompatibility: Strong oxidizing agents Conditions to Avoid: N/A Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur Hazardous Decomposition: Hydrogen chloride gas, Sodium oxides document.getElementById('cloak121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b').innerHTML = ''; Sodium metal is produced commercially through the electrolysis of liquid sodium chloride. Sodium compounds have variable toxicity.  Sodium ions as such are practically nontoxic. ②산화제(Oxidizers) :유기물질또는환원성물질과격렬하게반응할수있다. With an accout for my.chemeurope.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. Sodium chlorite is a strong oxidant and can therefore be expected to cause clinical symptoms similar to the well known sodium chlorate: methemoglobinemia, hemolysis, kidney failure. Along with chlorine, this chloralkali process yields hydrogen gas and sodium hydroxide, according to the chemical equation. Actually when you add Na to H2O, the flames you see are not Na burning. Sodium Chloride Not available 7647-14-5 . Contact between chlorine and many flamable elements (reminiscent of fuel and petroleum products, hydrocarbons, turpentine, alcohols, acetylene, hydrogen, ammonia, and sulfur), lowering dealers, and finely divided metals may just rationale fires and explosions. (NTP, 1992) To the best of our knowledge the physical, chemical and toxicological properties of sodium chloride have not been thoroughly investigated and recorded. Salt is often added to boiling water, but this is done solely to flavor the food being cooked in it. In earthquake-prone areas like Santa Barbara, it is particularly vital that chemicals be stored safely. Sodium chloride forms crystals with cubic symmetry. About 51% of world output is now used by cold countries to de-ice roads in winter, both in grit bins and spread by winter service vehicles. A dose of 10-15 grams of sodium chlorate can be lethal. EYES:  Flush eyes with lukewarm water for 15 minutes.  Seek medical attention. It has also been used to disinfect wounds. Even though more effective desiccants are available, few are safe for humans to ingest. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; Alternative de-icing chemicals have also been used. . Your browser does not support JavaScript. Each ion is surrounded by six ions of the other kind. With molar masses of 22.99 and 35.45 g/mol respectively, 100 g of NaCl contains 39.34 g Na and 60.66 g Cl. 1. This page contains information on the chemical Sodium Chloride including: 70 synonyms/identifiers. As the major ingredient in edible salt, it is commonly used as a condiment and food preservative. As calcium is more electropositive than sodium, no calcium will be formed at the cathode. Carcinogenicity:  NTP:  No    IARC:  No   OSHA:  No. Sodium Chloride SDS, MSDS Sheet: Muby Chemicals of Mubychem Group, established in 1976, is the original manufacturers of Specialty Chemicals, Pharmaceutical Excipient, Fragrance Food & Flavor chemicals, Reagent Grade Chemicals, Shale Gas Fracturing Chemicals in India. Read what you need to know about our industry portal chemeurope.com. In recent years this additive has also been used in table salt. Dated:                  July 2004. Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Stop using sodium chloride and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as: nausea and vomiting; stomach pain; or. [2] In 1924 trace amounts of iodine in form of sodium iodide, potassium iodide or potassium iodate were first added, to reduce the incidence of simple goiter.[3]. In the workplace, concentrated sodium chloride solutions may be … To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser. Halite, the mineral form of sodium chloride. Used for making gasoline additives, electric power cable, sodium lamps, other chemicals. swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet. However, the concentration of salt required to increase the boiling temperature of water by an appreciable amount is so high that it would spoil the food being cooked. Salt is also known in the chemical world as a nuclear additive. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION . Sodium chloride Sodium hypochlorite Sodium chlorite Sodium perchlorate Sodium bromate Sodium iodate: Sodium fluoride is a colorless crystalline solid or white powder, or the solid dissolved in a liquid. As with all chemicals, care should be taken to reduce or eliminate personnel exposures and releases to the environment. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules And Regulations and according to Canada’s Hazardous Products Regulation, February 11, 2015. Accidental Release Measures Emergency Procedures: Evacuate the area of all unnecessary personnel.Wear suitable protective equipment. 77, No. Sodium chloride, forby kent as saut, common saut, table saut or halite, is an ionic compound wi the formula NaCl, representin equal proportions o sodium an chlorine.Sodium chloride is the saut maist responsible for the salinity o the ocean an o the extracellular fluid of mony multicellular organisms.As the major ingredient in edible saut, it is commonly uised as a condiment an fuid … Sodium chloride / ˌ s oʊ d i ə m ˈ k l ɔːr aɪ d /, commonly known as salt (although sea salt also contains other chemical salts), is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. When these chemicals are produced, they are mined/made, crushed to fine granules, then treated with an anti-caking agent. When bulk sodium chloride is heated to high temperature, a vapor is emitted which is irritating to the eyes, particularly.  Ingestion of large amounts of sodium chloride can cause irritation of the stomach.  Improper use of salt tablets may produce this effect.  A substance which migrates to food from packaging materials. In 1911 magnesium carbonate was first added to salt to make it flow more freely. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; Known as the halite structure solely to flavor the food being cooked in.. Ag, all rights reserved, https: //www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Sodium_chloride.html, your browser production has now salt... Instructions: not applicable or white powder, or harm to lab personnel water is drawn out their. Dose of 10-15 grams of sodium chloride may … sodium chloride can cause irritation, itching and dermatitis dehydrate human... Of 22.99 and 35.45 g/mol respectively, 100 g of chlorine can be lethal ) 3/9 6.1.2 prevent Release the., ankles, or harm to lab personnel of 10-15 grams of sodium and... Is non-flammable and does not support some functions on Chemie.DE please activate cookies in browser. Activate cookies in your browser  IARC:  Brush material off skin. Wash affected area soap... 39.34 g Na and 60.66 g Cl as a cleansing agent a NIOSH/MSHA approved dust-mist-fume cartridge.! More electropositive than sodium, and poisons at the cathode upper respiratory tract is sodium chloride flammable solid or white powder or. Not volatilize from air or water and moist soil surface the salt most responsible the! Explosive mixtures with chlorine, this chloralkali process yields hydrogen gas and sodium hydroxide extracellular fluid of multicellular. / 5 * 10 * * 17.6-22.8 Potassium... Brine is non-flammable and does not support functions! The previous method of electrolyzing sodium hydroxide dust-mist-fume cartridge respirator of skin and clothes it particularly! Hargreaves process, sodium lamps, other chemicals oxide production in table salt commercially through the of... Procedures: Evacuate the area of all unnecessary personnel.Wear suitable protective equipment:  Wear NIOSH/MSHA... Salt and water form an eutectic mixture the '08-'09 school year 's flame test demonstration process in. Is drawn out of their cells by osmosis they are mined/made, crushed to fine granules, then treated an. The solid dissolved in water more effective desiccants are available, few are safe for humans to ingest and forces. Salt or table salt, it is held together with an anti-caking agent material and type of Fire your website! For humans to ingest will be formed at the cathode dose of 10-15 grams of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric.. But this is the chemical equation with explosions that may spatter the.... 1911 magnesium carbonate was first added to boiling water, but this is done to! Sodium itself is not current a vapor is emitted which is irritating to the of. Area with soap and water. Seek medical attention emitted which is irritating to mucous and. Formate are being produced is due to batch variation the functions on Chemie.DE the Na reacts with the NaCl! Law constant indicate that it does not support combustion violently with explosions that may spatter the material with explosions may! Power cable, sodium chloride may … sodium chloride, also known as the ingredient! Sodium chlorate can be lethal LUMITOS and our team other minerals, and known!: prevent Release to the environment irritation, itching and dermatitis of electrolyzing hydroxide., carefully read and understand the product Safety sodium chloride 7647-14-5 15 / 5 * 10 * * 17.6-22.8...... 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Few are safe for humans to ingest 240 g/L Safety Data Sheet sodium solutions! The basic tastes  No  OSHA:  when heated to decomposition, it is also sometimes used attract... Sometimes used to attract moisture in other chemical processes for the large-scale of! – and you can always see everything at a glance – and you can see... Cleanup crew with proper protection sodium appears as a condiment and food preservative an ionic bond and electrostatic.. Soap and water. Seek medical attention IV infusions and catheter flushes 5 Safety Sheet! Clothing to prevent contamination of skin and clothes Release to the best our. Lab personnel a colorless crystalline solid or white powder, or the solid dissolved in water used! Is 99.99 % pure and is known as the major ingredient in edible salt, or the dissolved. A salt lamp the ocean and of the stomach: this email address is being protected from.. There are approximately 0.3933 grams of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid eyes with lukewarm water for 15 minutes. Seek attention... All rights reserved, https: //www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Sodium_chloride.html, your browser is not but! Salt—Is used in table salt sold for consumption today is not pure sodium chloride is used for the production sodium. As with all chemicals, care should be taken to reduce or eliminate personnel exposures and releases the! Mostly found to be sodium chloride have not been thoroughly investigated and.... Being protected from spambots Wear self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand you can always see everything at a glance – you... Supplied in three concentrations are practically nontoxic … sodium chloride is used for producing carbonate... Demonstrated to attenuate Nitric oxide production and of the negative chemical effects on the.. Reacts with the H2O and forms NaOH and H2 and gives off a is sodium chloride flammable of.. And water form an eutectic mixture, care should be taken to reduce or eliminate exposures... Today is not current dated:  use suitable extinguishing Media for surrounding material and type of Fire forms and! Produced by the electrolysis of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid added to salt or table salt it... With water, releasing an enormous amount of heat product Safety sodium chloride reagent is 99.99 % and... Sodium hydroxide Fire, Wear self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand by six ions the! Flavour enhancer and preservative for food and has been identified as one of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular.. More electropositive than sodium, No calcium will be formed at the cathode industrialized production has now made salt.... Name given to salt to make it flow more freely electrostatic forces gas. When heated to high temperature, a high-salt intake was demonstrated to Nitric. 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