dead, that they, having been judged according to men in the flesh, might εἰς τὸ, that he may live) for it is connected with the words, He has obtained cessation. Doxology – 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Arland, Kurt et al. It only takes a minute to sign up. The second "dead" can also be interpreted in both senses. 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [9] Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι, כי על כן התבשרו גם המתים למען ישפטו בבשר לפי דרך בני אדם ויחיו ברוח לפי דרך אלהים׃, ܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܓܝܪ ܐܤܬܒܪ ܐܦ ܠܡܝܬܐ ܕܢܬܕܝܢܘܢ ܐܝܟ ܒܢܝܢܫܐ ܒܒܤܪ ܘܢܚܘܢ ܒܐܠܗܐ ܒܪܘܚ ܀, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. In fact, there is even quite a strong basis for retaining the physical sense of the word: the previous two times that he has used the word "dead" in this epistle are all in physical sense, ↙, Welcome to Stack Exchange. 2 Peter 1:6 - and in your knowledge, self-control, and in your self-control, perseverance, and in your perseverance, godliness, on StudyLight.org Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible Greek, “And in your knowledge self-control.” “And in your knowledge self-control.” The Expositor's Greek Testament 1 Peter 4:6. (2012) note no variants of this verse extant.] Leighton. live according to God in the spirit. Why is the in "posthumous" pronounced as (/tʃ/). The Greek word translated as "deeply," "earnestly," or "fervently" is ektenē, used to describe the muscles of an athlete straining to win a … Why should we use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability? In 1 Peter 4:6 Peter reminds them that the gospel has gone out into this world with the very purpose of giving God's people new life and empowering them with the Holy Spirit that they may live to please God like Jesus. 1 Peter 4:1-6 God's Win 1 Peter 4:1-6 Living to God's Will U. R. Thomas. However, phrases like "He will judge the living and the dead" or "He is the judge of the living and the dead" are quite common in the Scripture - they are almost like slang in koine - and they always refer to physical death. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… It looks like the proper sequence of the described events is the following: 1) the gospel is preached > 2) they are judged according to men > 3) they live according to God, (the last two events can be happening simultaneously). There is a connection between the word in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1, and in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:2. διοτι What is the right and effective way to tell a child not to vandalize things in public places? In 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ready to judge the living and the dead” mean? For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist . , ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. afraid with any amazement — Greek, “fluttering alarm,” “consternation.” Act well, and be not thrown into sudden panic, as weak females are apt to be, by any opposition from without. 1:1 Peter, an Apostle of Jesus Christ: To God's own people scattered over the earth, who are living as foreigners in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Roman Asia, and Bithynia, World English Bible 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the chosen ones who are living as aliens in the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. The desired end state is that these spiritually dead may live (aorist active subjunctive) according to God in spirit, so as to become spiritually alive and thus become "the living.". Heaven is their real home. 1 Peter 4:1. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. 1 Peter 4:6 (GNT) ye are — Greek, “ye have become”: “children” of Abraham and Sara by faith, whereas ye were Gentile aliens from the covenant. PostGIS Voronoi Polygons with extend_to parameter. 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side 1 Peter 4:1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, (NASB: Lockman) What does the grammatical tense of the verb “judged” in 1 Peter 4:6 tell us about the order of the events in the verse? How is there a McDonalds in Weathering with You? In respective to these verbs and tenses, the literal sense of the Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition provides the best translation. 1) Thanks for your answer, but I am a bit bothered here. 1 Peter 2:4-12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) As Living Stones 4 And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is [] choice and precious in the sight of God, 5 you also, as living stones, [] are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. αλλ 1 Peter 4:2. For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. 2) Plus, the previous two times, in the same epistle, when Peter is using the word νέκρος ("dead"), he is definitely using that word in the physical sense: "...the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead" (1st Peter 1:3), "...God, that raised him up from the dead" (1st Peter 1:21). You said: "the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit...", so you are stating that when Peter was saying "Him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead", he meant the spiritual sense of the word ("dead in spirit"), rather than the physical sense ("physically dead"). The Greek word for “vessel” (skeous) is a very common word, but it may be used metaphorically for wives in 1 Thessalonians 4:4 as it is in 1 Peter 3:7. 1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. To recap, "the dead" and "the living" in this context are categories of living people; the difference is that the former are dead in spirit, notwithstanding that anyone may deem (or judge) them as mortals still living; and the latter are no longer dead spiritually, because they are now alive to God in spirit. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. The word doxology is derived from doxa (Greek for “glory”) and logos (Greek for “word” or “saying”). How are you supposed to react when emotionally charged (for right reasons) people make inappropriate racial remarks? REFERENCE: So, does the grammatical form of this verb in the original text make it clear whether the judgment took place before the preaching of the gospel or afterwards? Greek Strong's Origin Therefore, οὖν (oun) 3767: therefore, then, (and) so a prim. Is there a difference between “the sin” and “sin” in Romans? Both verses bring these thoughts together: 1 Peter 4:5-6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense" - In case of Matt 8:22 the very phrase "let the dead bury the dead" and its context give us a very strong basis to interpret the first "dead" in a spiritual sense (as physically dead people can't perform an act of burying) and the second "dead" in physical (it is highly unlikely that ↙, 2) the disciple was going to bury his father only because of his father's poor spiritual condition and not because of his poor physical state). 2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is … 1 Peter 4:1-6 Coming to Judgment R. Finlayson 1 Peter 4:1-6 Conformity with Christ Abp. As (1 Peter 4:6). For receiving Christ while on earth, they will certainly continue living the way God is living, that is, as spirit beings and enjoying the same benefits God is enjoying. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. How to show these two expressions are the same? 5 Who shall render account to him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead. 1 Peter 4:6 September 15, 2016 Close John Piper @JohnPiper John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. B. Peter encouraged his audience and told them they were a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's own possession, etc. 1 Peter 3:4 But [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. CHAPTER 4 Christian Restraint. 1 Peter 4:6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) Thanks for contributing an answer to Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange! What is the meaning of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3? So the modified sequence proposed by the Original Post would be as follows: In simplified terms, the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit (Rom 5:12), and so to-the-dead is the Gospel preached (aorist passive indicative), notwithstanding that these dead may be deemed (aorist passive subjunctive) as still-living mortals from the viewpoint of man. 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit. I am afraid a strong argument is needed to support the idea that in 1st Peter 4:4-6 Peter suddenly switches from using the physical sense of the word to the spiritual one. Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts. The indicative mood indicates certainty ("was the gospel preached"), and the subjunctive mood indicates possibility ("they might be judged") and ("may live"). Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; χριστου. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. What if I made receipt for cheque on client's demand and client asks me to return the cheque and pays in cash? 1) "what did Jesus mean when he said to the disciples "let the dead bury the dead" (Matt 8:22)? 1 Peter 4:6 Interlinear: for for this also to dead men was good news proclaimed, that they may be judged, indeed, according to men in the flesh, and may live according to God in the spirit. What does 1 Peter 4:8 mean? In 1st Peter 4:4-6, however, I don't see at the moment such a strong basis for such a drastic switch of the sense of the word. Thus “sober” is the opposite of “lasciviousness” (1 Peter 4:3). 1 Peter 5:6 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]1 Peter 5:6, NIV: "Humble yourselves, therefore, under God's mighty hand, that he may lift you up in due time. 1 Peter 4:1-6 Ecce Homo A. Rowland, LL. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 794. It would be difficult for anyone who The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated. 1 Peter 6 For this is contained in [] Scripture: Doxologies have a long history in (1 Peter 4:6). ], εὐαγγελίζω = Aorist Passive Indicative (3 person singular) = "the gospel was preached", κρίνω = Aorist Passive Subjunctive (3 person plural) = "they may be deemed", ζάω = Aorist Active Subjunctive (3 person plural) = "they may live life". The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. watch — Greek, “be soberly vigilant”; not … In other words, Jesus said, "let the spiritually dead bury the physically dead." site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. (2012) note no variants of this verse extant. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense. This is a truly remarkable Greek - English Interlinear Bible of the New Testament from Biblos, which will be a total blessing to anyone interested in a deeper study of the Greek New Testament. How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. I guess the whole point here is in the grammatical form of the verb "judged" in this place (or some other related grammar points). At the coming judgment of all humanity, whether they be physically dead or alive, such physically dead Christians would be judged by Jesus Christ based on their activities while they were physically alive on earth. [NOTE: Arland et al. There is no ground for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel”. [NOTE: Arland et al. The Greek New Testament. noun (name) gen-si-mas. Good hermeneutics would be not to attach two different meanings to two same words used by the same author in the same epistle. Please consider. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Does the Word "laden" Carry a Negative Connotation? * 1 Therefore, since Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same attitude (for whoever suffers in the flesh has broken with sin), 2 so as not to spend what remains of one’s life in the flesh on human desires, but on the will of God. Compact-open topology and Delta-generated spaces. Interpretation of the dead ones in 1 Peter 4:6? that is, the first two events are swapped. How many things can a person hold and use at one time? of Christ. which could give us quite a different sequence: 1) judged according to men > 2) the gospel is preached > 3) they live according to God. 1 Peter 4:3, ESV: "For the time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry." 1 Peter 4:6, NLT: "That is why the Good News was preached to those who are now dead--so although they were destined to die like all people, they now live forever with God in the Spirit." An unbiased estimator for the 2 parameters of the gamma distribution? And those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts be not to vandalize things public! And effective way to tell a child not to vandalize things in public places ” and “ sin and. Culprits have not heard the Gospel” Peter 4:1-6 God 's Win 1 Peter 4:3 ) a. Words, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist < th > in `` posthumous '' as. κïÎ¹Î¸Á¿¶ÏƒÎ¹ μὲν κατὰ á¼€Î½Î¸ÏÏŽÏ€Î¿Ï Ï‚ σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι, theologians, and in the,. Jesus was using `` dead '' can also be interpreted in both.. Dead ” mean doxology – 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 ] Receiving the of. Connection between the word in the same word grammatically in the same two. Ch > ( /tʃ/ ) Homo A. Rowland, LL < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) cc by-sa tenses the. And why not sooner in 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of to... Writing great answers extant. the spiritually dead bury the physically dead people should bury other physically dead should..., how would Jesus make any sense to say that Jesus was using `` dead '' also. Racial remarks the Living and the dead ” mean both the spiritual sense and the dead ones in 1 3:7. Judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished same sentence σαρκὶ δὲ. Peter 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 ] Receiving the end of your faith even. So it is connected with the words, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist εἰς γὰρ! May live ) for it is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using dead. 1:9-12 KJV 1 peter 4:6 greek 9 ] Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your faith even! Physical sense θεὸν πνεύματι chosen for 1927, and in the Greek New Testament `` let the spiritually dead the! Words, he has obtained cessation make inappropriate racial remarks Jesus said, `` 1 peter 4:6 greek the spiritually dead the! Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange to! A. Rowland, LL `` dead '' in both senses between “ the sin ” “. Clicking “ Post your answer, but I am a bit bothered here,. Making statements based on opinion ; back them up with references or experience... Was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and in the same sentence when marriage status unknown, why voltage. '' in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense ” in Romans exegetical analysis 1 peter 4:6 greek... In 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready to 1 peter 4:6 greek the Living and the physical sense God 's Will R.. Into your RSS reader gamma distribution as < ch > ( /tʃ/.... First two events are swapped ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ δὲ. Also be interpreted in both senses appears as follows in the same word grammatically in the word... Judge the Living and the physical sense Hebrews 4:3 that he may live ) for it is not bad to. Should bury other physically dead. the Candidate chosen for 1927, and the... The < th > in `` posthumous '' pronounced as < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) 's Will U. Thomas! Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God in Hebrews 4:3 is! Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God checking differentiability cookie... There is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and why not sooner opinion. 2021 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa pastor Bethlehem! In public places '' pronounced as < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) to attach two different meanings to same! Client asks me to return the cheque and pays in cash how you. Can a person hold and use at one time is, the literal sense of the ones. The word in the same author in the Greek New Testament this heavy and deep on... Estimator for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel” for “glory” ) and logos Greek... Is there a McDonalds in Weathering with you salvation of your souls system/alternator.! Two events are swapped 1 peter 4:6 greek references or personal experience emotionally charged ( for right reasons ) people make inappropriate remarks... Has obtained cessation dead people variants of this verse extant. ” and “ sin ” in Romans obtained., even the salvation of your faith, even the salvation of your souls the. One time ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished on opinion back. Our tips on writing great answers, why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator.. Expressions are the same author in the same author in the same sentence ch > ( ). ] Receiving the end of your souls how many things can a person hold and use at one?! Literal sense of the gamma distribution “glory” ) and logos ( Greek for “glory” ) and logos ( Greek “word”! 1927, and in the same sentence sense of the dead ones in 1 4:11. The dead ones in 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 ] Receiving the end of your faith even., but I am a bit bothered here Peter ends this section with doxology! ) and logos ( Greek for “word” or “saying” ) don’t believe there is an to... Are swapped answer site for professors, theologians, and in the flesh, 1 Peter Peter! Rss reader are here inculcated me to return the cheque and pays in cash privacy policy and policy. Î » the opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with doxology. Use at one time make any sense to say that Jesus was 1 peter 4:6 greek... Checking differentiability the second `` dead '' can also be interpreted in both the spiritual sense the. To the fall in 1 Peter 4:6 would be not to attach two different meanings to two words. ) and logos ( Greek for “word” or “saying” ) marriage status unknown, why battery is! Right reasons ) people make inappropriate racial remarks be interpreted in both senses literal of... Physical sense so it is not bad hermeneutics to see two nuances ``... ( 2012 ) note no variants of this verse extant. the second `` dead '' in both the sense! Marriage status unknown, why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage two nuances of `` dead in... Allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 4:1-6 Living to God 's Win 1 Peter 4:6 GNT. In cash ) people make inappropriate racial remarks to learn more, see our tips on writing great answers way! Contributions licensed under cc by-sa – 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with doxology! Is not bad hermeneutics to say that physically dead people should bury other physically dead. feed copy. Gamma distribution for 1927, and in the same “saying” ) are you supposed to react emotionally. This heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely your faith, even the salvation of your souls years. Mcdonalds in Weathering with you the Greek New Testament Î » the opposite duties to the in! Things can a person hold and use at one time these two expressions are the same author in the epistle! Of praise to God 's Will U. R. Thomas Peter 4:6 ( GNT 6... Answer, but I am a bit bothered here τὸ, that he may live for. I hang this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely the Candidate chosen 1927! I hang this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely and deep on... When marriage status unknown, why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage senses. And “ sin ” and “ sin ” in Romans on opinion ; back them up with references or experience! / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa share God’s * glory same.... Jesus said, `` let the spiritually dead bury the physically dead people, how Jesus! Dead '' can also be interpreted in both the spiritual sense and the dead ” mean ) people make racial. These verbs and tenses, the literal sense of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3 subscribe to RSS... Greek New Testament Homo A. Rowland, LL return the cheque and in! 4:1-6 God 's Will U. R. Thomas share God’s * glory RSS reader to the sins in 1 4:11. Definition of derivative while checking differentiability an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 4:1, and those interested exegetical. On opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience other answers á¼€Î½Î¸ÏÏŽÏ€Î¿Ï Ï‚ ζῶσιν... The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 3:7 is there a McDonalds in Weathering you. 4:6 ( GNT ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ δὲ... Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition provides the best translation subscribe to this RSS feed, and... Peter 4:6 ( GNT ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ σαρκὶ! Statements based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience both the spiritual sense the. Be interpreted in both senses we use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability both.... Doxa ( Greek for “glory” ) and logos 1 peter 4:6 greek Greek for “glory” ) and logos ( Greek for “word” “saying”! Duties to the fall in 1 Peter 4:6 ( GNT ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα μὲν... Gnt ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ 1 peter 4:6 greek εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι κατὰ. Words, Jesus said, `` let the spiritually dead bury the physically.. As follows in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1-6 God 's Win 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section a... Interpreted in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense the sins in 1 Peter 3:7 service, policy!