Shackleton's men were, in Worsley's words, "a terrible trio of scarecrows",[40] dark with exposure, wind, frostbite and accumulated blubber soot. Shackleton's grave, Grytviken, South Georgia. His ship Endurance was trapped by pack ice and crushed in the Weddell Sea. After the First World War, in 1919, the James Caird was moved from South Georgia to England. He eventually took up residence at a charity rest home. Here he organised the relief of the three men left on the south side of the island and of the Elephant Island party, and the return of his men home without loss of life, then the rescue of the Ross Sea party of his expedition. South Georgia Island served as the final stage in one of the greatest survival stories of all time: Ernest Shackleton's voyage to the southern seas aboard the Endurance. Series number: 12. Shackleton was buried in South Georgia. Shackleton thought that "a boat party might make the voyage and be back with relief within a month, provided that the sea was clear of ice, and the boat survive the great seas". Views: Hercules Bay by Google Maps. [26] By midnight they had left the immediate ice behind, but the sea swell was rising. In October 1915, pack ice in the Weddell Sea had sunk the main expedition ship Endurance, leaving Shackleton and his 27 companions adrift on a floe. [23], For the remaining places Shackleton requested volunteers, and of the many who came forward he chose two strong sailors in John Vincent and Timothy McCarthy. Precisely how the explorer accomplished the last leg of the journey, across South Georgia, you can now follow in detail on a new map of the island. She was then fitted as a ketch, with her own mainmast and a mizzenmast made by cutting down the mainmast from the Stancomb-Wills, rigged to carry lug sails and a jib. [26], The next observation, on 29 April, showed that they had travelled 238 nautical miles (441 km; 274 mi). Size: 89 x 100 cm. In January 1908 he returned to Antarctica as leader of the British Antarctic (Nimrod) Expedition (1907–09). The story of Shackleton and his men is the stuff of legend. [33] Late on the same day floating seaweed was spotted, and the next morning there were birds, including cormorants which were known never to venture far from land. Edgeworth David, reached the area of the south magnetic pole. It was the destination of Sir Ernest Shackleton 's rescue journey in 1916. "The bright moments were those when we each received our one mug of hot milk during the long, bitter watches of the night". Ernest Shackleton, in full Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, (born February 15, 1874, Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland—died January 5, 1922, Grytviken, South Georgia), Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. South Georgia and its offshore islands in the South Atlantic presented by the British Antarctic Survey on a double-sided map combining topographic mapping of the whole island at 1:200,000 scale and detailed topographic mapping of the route of Shackleton’s crossing in May 1916 at 1:40,000 scale. [46], The advent of the southern winter and adverse ice conditions meant that it was more than three months before Shackleton was able to achieve the relief of the men at Elephant Island. Shackleton was buried in South Georgia. Stromness is most famous as the finish of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s 1916 epic crossing of South Georgia’s treacherous and uncharted glacier-covered mountainous interior. [12] The rigours of an Antarctic winter were fast approaching; the narrow shingle beach where they were camped was already being swept by almost continuous gales and blizzards, which destroyed one of the tents in their temporary camp, and knocked others flat. After drifting for nine months she was crushed in the ice on 27 October 1915 about 200 miles from the nearest land and 1000 miles from human help. Home to many interesting sites (including the grave of polar explorer Ernest Shackleton), South Georgia has several former whaling stations and boasts plenty of wildlife. [48] In 1921, Shackleton went back to Antarctica, leading the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition. I know that during that long and racking march of thirty-six hours over the unnamed mountains and glaciers of South Georgia it seemed to me often that we were four, not three. He planned to cross Antarctica from a base on the Weddell Sea to McMurdo Sound, via the South Pole, but the expedition ship Endurance was trapped in ice off the Caird coast and drifted for 10 months before being crushed in the pack ice. He would take a chosen crew of five men and the others would stay on Elephant Island and await rescue. [45] Worsley wrote that the Norwegian seamen at Stromness all "claimed the honour of helping to haul her up to the wharf", a gesture which he found "quite affecting". Sir Ernest Shackleton visited South Georgia several times during his Antarctic expeditions. Shackleton and five crewmates made the epic journey in search of rescue. His health suffered, and he was removed from duty and sent home on the supply ship Morning in March 1903. Omissions? Robert Falcon Scott’s British National Antarctic (Discovery) Expedition (1901–04) as third lieutenant and took part, with Scott and Edward Wilson, in the sledge journey over the Ross Ice Shelf when latitude 82°16′33″ S was reached. He decided to move the boat to a safer location within King Haakon Bay, from which point he, Worsley and Crean would cross the island on foot, aiming for the station at Stromness. South Georgia and its offshore islands in the South Atlantic presented by the British Antarctic Survey on a double-sided map combining topographic mapping of the whole island at 1:200,000 scale and detailed topographic mapping of the route of Shackleton’s crossing in May 1916 at 1:40,000 scale. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Mackintosh was to have been informed of this, but "the cable was never sent". [19] The James Caird was launched from Elephant Island on 24 April 1916. This brand new itinerary celebrates the life of Sir Ernest Shackleton, whose passing in South Georgia on January 5, 1922, marked the end of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Mackintosh was to have been informed of this, but "the cable was never sent". Ernest Shackleton's ship the Endurance sinking in the ice of the Weddell Sea, while a team of sled dogs looks on, November 1915. Nevertheless, they were still moving towards their goal, and a dead reckoning calculation by Worsley on the next day, 6 May, suggested that they were now 115 nautical miles (213 km; 132 mi) from the western point of South Georgia. On his return to England, Shackleton was knighted and was made a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. The Aurora, pictured in New Zealand after the drift. Views: Grytviken Whaling Station by Google Maps. Sir Ernest Shackleton's lifeboat returned to England in 1919 after it was rescued by Norwegian whalers from South Georgia. South Georgia is also the home over half of the world's enormous southern elephant seals, the largest of all seals. [28] The first observation was made after two days, and showed them to be 128 nautical miles (237 km; 147 mi) north of Elephant Island. King Haakon Bay, South Georgia, the James caird is hauled up the shore across grounded brash ice The mountains of South Georgia that Shackleton, Crean and Worsley had to cross to reach the Stromness Bay whaling station.. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Anglo-Irish explorer of Antarctica who attempted to reach the South Pole. As is so often the case in the Polar regions, the weather had other plans. [21], The boat was loaded with provisions to last six men one month; as Shackleton later wrote, "if we did not make South Georgia in that time we were sure to go under". [21] They were both somewhat awkward characters, and their selection may have reflected Shackleton's wish to keep potential troublemakers under his personal charge rather than leaving them on the island where personal animosities could fester.