The method of Lorke was used for the acute toxicity test of the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves [21]. Treatment of the rats with aqueous J. carnea leaves was continued for 14 d and blood samples collected on d 15 for biochemical studies. The flowers come in shades of rose, white, yellow and orange. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. The extract was administered to the rats orally with gavage tube every 24 h for 8 d. Blood samples were collected before induction as baseline, immediately after induction, d 4 and d 8 of treatment respectively for haematological study. Justicia caripensis Kunth . Anaemia was induced in the rats by the method of Stone [20]. Brazilian Plume. Anyone knows what I need to do to initiate flowering? Table 6. How do you identify Muicle and where is it grown? Quantities, 400 g of ground J. carnea dry leaves were macerated with 1.5 L distilled for 24 h and filtered with Whatman no. long (25 cm), and showy flower plumes, 8 in. concentrations of anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats. Leaves extract of J. carnea are shown to be a rich source of B2, B12, B9 and B1. 3.5 inch / 16 fl.oz. reported that significant increase in the activities of serum liver marker enzymes such as Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT), Aspartate Amino Transferase (AST), and alkaline phospahaase serve as indicators of liver damage most especially increase in ALT activity [42]. It has been known that WBC counts increase rapidly following pathogens evasion of the body system and the system’s normal physiological response will be to boost the body defence mechanisms [40]. Non-nutritional anaemia (such as sickle-cell anaemia and thalassaemia, which are induced by genetic disorders) is suffered most by people in Sub-Saharan Africa, but these are few in comparison to the number of people with nutritional anaemia [5]. Green leafy vegetables are particularly important in promoting health because of their rich content of nutrients (Gupta and Prakash, 2009). BACKGROUND: Justicia carnea is a medicinal plant used widely in Nigeria which is reported to have diverse functions, including blood-boosting potential. Justicia carnea, commonly known as Brazilian Plume Flower, is a shade loving perennial shrub with large and striking dark green leaves, and exotic tubular flowers that bloom throughout the summer in colors ranging from orange to pink and purple. Justicia Carnea; Blood-Boosting Green Plant That Turns Hot Water Red! This is in agreement with our result here. It was observed that untreated anaemia induced group 2, standard drug treated anaemia induced group 3 and groups 4-6 anaemia induced rats treated with aqueous extracts of J. carnea leaves respectively showed no significant increase (p>0.05) in the urea concentrations when compared with the normal group (group 1). The increased PCV, Hb, and RBC counts observed in group 2 rats after 8 days of treatment could be attributed to the recovery of rats from anaemic conduction as more blood cells produced since haematopoietic cells were affected by anaemia induction. After 8 days’ treatment with aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves, groups 3 and 6 showed no significant (p>0.05) decrease in WBC counts when compared with group 1 but significantly higher than WBC counts group 2. The riboflavin content of J. carnea (2.50 ± 0.50 mg/g) was higher when compared with similar plant like T. occidentalis (0.45 mg). Justicia carnea – pink Justicia aurea – yellow . Justicia spicigera, Jacobinia spicigera, Justicia sidicaro Family: Acanthaceae Mexican Honeysuckle, Orange Plume Flower Origin: Mexico, Central America. Four days of treatment with aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves resulted in no significant increase (p>0.05) in WBC counts groups 3-5 rats when compared with group 2, though significantly lower than that of group 1 and 7. Pinch out tips to promote compact plants. Want to re-post this article? Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Justicia Betonica. This evergreen shrub is native to South America and very cold sensitive. Email Me When Ready. The initial increase in the WBC count could be because of anaemia that was induced in the animals. The principle of this method is based on the reaction involving serum alkaline phosphatase and a colourless substrate of phenolphthalein monophosphate, giving rise to phosphoric acid and phenolphthalein, which at alkaline pH values, turns pink that can be determined spectrophotometrically. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves possess blood boosting activity similar to Astyfer (standard drug) as there were no significant difference observed between haematological indices of group 3 anaemic rats treated Astyfer and groups 4-6 anaemic rats treated with graded doses of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. In addition, all the anaemia induced rats treated standard drug (group 3) and aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves (groups 4-6) showed no significant (p>0.05) decrease in ALP activities when compared with normal control. Justicia spicigera or the Mexican honeysuckle is a beautiful herb that has lovely orange or red tubular-shaped flowers that add a tropical look to any garden. 9,12,15-Octadecatrien-1-ol (Figure 8), one of the isolates of Justicia carnea with molecular weight 264.44 and peak area9.33% 9, is an oligosaccharide provider[ 14 ]. Alkaloids, glycosides, reducing sugars and carbohydrates were present in moderate concentrations while saponin, tannins and terpenoids were present in low concentrations. Transaminase (ALT) of anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats. Most antinutritional factors have been shown to exert positive effects when taken in low concentrations. Flowering this week: Justicia carnea Summer flowering Justicia carnea in our woodland Plants which thrive and flower prolifically in reasonably dense shade are rare indeed but Justicia carnea is a stand out this week with a particularly lovely combination of foliage and … Many foods of plants origin have been shown to be rich in numerous health benefits attributed to their nutraceutical properties [7]. St. Johns bush, Justicia secunda, has two major uses—to treat red-eye and to start menstruation (an abortifacient).In both cases it is boiled and strained. Baseline haematological parameters were determined before and after the induction of anaemia. A member of the Acanthaceae family, this yellow-flowered Justicia looks similar to the familiar pink or white tousled heads of Justicia carnea which furnish shady spots in our gardens in summer and autumn; however, it appears in winter. after induction of anaemia. Justicia carnea A member of the broad Acanthaceae family, the Brazilian plume flower or jacobinia ( Justicia carnea ) is a shade-loving, soft-wooded shrub (ht 1.5m) with large, lush leaves. Justicia brandegeeana (Shrimp Plant) is a sprawling, suckering, tropical, evergreen shrub with apple green, ovate leaves and arching spikes of white flowers enclosed in overlapping red to pink bracts. Ministerio de Justicia benefits and perks, including insurance benefits, retirement benefits, and vacation policy. Nov 14, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Leslie Haynie. of the aqueous extract. This exotic flowering plant makes a large shrub in tropical areas. Evergreen shrub. This drought and deer resistant perennial native to Mexico is a small shrub growing to around 2-3′ tall and wide. Quantity . The dark green leaves are about 6 inches long and the tubular flower clusters face upward. Golden-orange, tubular flowers are more numerous in light shade. Ogugua et al. of the extract respectively. Moderate amount of ash and moisture contents were observed while fats and crude fibre contents were found to be low. Group 2 rats served as positive control that was anaemia induced but not treated, group 3 served as standard control that was anaemia induced but treated with 50 mg/kg b. wt. The proximate contents in Table 1 show that aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves contains high carbohydrate and protein contents. Justicia carnea leaves used in this study were collected from Ozalla Isuofia in Anambra State and identified by Mr. Ozioko Alfred of Bioresource Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP) Research Centre, Nsukka. This health benefit of flavonoids is attributed to its antioxidant activity [31]. Also Known As: Brazilian plume flower. Twenty-eight male Wistar albino rats were used for the haematological studies and biochemical studies while 18 male albino mice were used for the acute toxicity (LD50) study. The difference could be attributed to environmental factors prevailing during the plant growth or time of collection and processing [28]. Antioxidants phytochemicals like flavonoids and antioxidant vitamins (A, C, and E) helps in recovery from anaemia mostly by stabilizing blood cells. Among, nutritional (such as vitamin and mineral deficiencies) and non-nutritional (such as infection and haemoglobinopathies) factors that contribute to onset of anaemia, iron deficiency and malaria play an important role. In assessing the renal function, urea concentration is dependent on some parameters, so creatinine is more reliable since its rate of production is constant and rate of excretion is dependent on muscle mass of the animal involved. Native to Mexico. It contains many nutrients that could be utilized to boost blood counts. Groups 4-6 were anaemia induced and treated with 100, 300 and 500 mg/kg b. wt. Apr 21, 2020; More. Group 2 rats that was anaemia induced not treated and group 3 rats that was anaemia induced, treated with standard drug (Astyfer) had highest and lowest AST activity respectively among all the groups tested. To use the website as intended please  In addition, it has been reported that the leaves of J. carnea contain high quantity of iron (204.0 μg/g) and calcium (5.15%) [14]. Jacobinia, also called justicia and Brazilian plume, is a beautiful tropical flowering shrub that displays gorgeous clusters of pink or white flowers that look like fireworks. Other articles where Justicia is discussed: Acanthaceae: The largest genera include Justicia (600 species; now comprising former segregate genera such as Jacobinia and Beloperone), Reullia (355), Stobilanthes (350), Barleria (300), Aphelandra (170), Staurogyne (140), Dicliptera Figure 5: Effect of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves on Alanine Acathaceae Overview: An evergreen shrub growing to heights of 3 to 7 feet and just as wide.The dark green leaves are about 6 inches long and the tubular flower clusters face upward. This video is unavailable. In Nigeria, the shrubs of J. carnea are grown around homesteads and act as fences, which are easy to grow and propagate from stem cuttings by pushing the stems 1 to 2 inches into the soil (Mabberley, 1997). Justitia, la compagnie d’assurances de Vanbreda spécialisée dans les Employee Benefits. It also implies that the leaves are relatively safe for human and animal consumptions but excessive consumption of the aqueous extract could be chronically toxic as nothing is completely safe. Ash consists of inorganic matters such as minerals (calcium, potassium, mercury, zinc). Justicia Carnea leaves extract contains a rich supply of iron, riboflavin, vitamins A, C, E, B1, B2, B9, and B12. Key: +: Slightly present; ++: Moderately present; SD: Standard Deviation; Each value is expressed as mean ± standard deviation (n=3). While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The animals’ immune system may have assumed the cause of anaemia could to be because of infection or disease and hence increase the production of white blood cells to fight such infections [39]. This assay was carried out according to the method described by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry [24]. J. carnea (Justicia carnea) is aflowering plant, widely distrib - uted in various parts of Africa. This may be attributed to the strong flavour and deep red colour despite the greenish nature of J. carnea leaves when boiled for consumption. 09.12.2020 | Art & Culture. A good number of medicinal plants have been traditionally employed in alleviating anaemic condition. We now understand that persistent bleeding episodes, deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin and folic acid, hyper-splenism, autoimmune haemolysis, renal dysfunction, and radiochemotherapeutic intervention could aggravate anaemic condition [3]. Vitamins B6 and B6 were the least available vitamins when compared with other vitamins present. Others include; inherited genetic defects, medication-related side effects, and chronic disease [1]. Group 7 was non-anaemic rats that received 500 mg/kg b. wt. Mineral constituents of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. Table 3. How Justicia Betonica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is sometimes known as yellow jacobinia. The mineral contents presented in Table 4 shows that the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves was rich in minerals. Justicia carnea (Brazilian Plume) is an upright, evergreen shrub with large, dark green leaves, 10 in. The leaves of the plant contain vasicine, an alkaloid with medicinal qualities. Functional Foods in Health and Disease 2014; 4(9):401-414 Page 401 of 414 Review Open Access Uses of Justicia spicigera in medicine and as a source of pigments Itzamná Baqueiro-Peña and José A. Guerrero-Beltrán Depto de Ing. Resembling shrimps, the flower spikes are on display over a long period extending from spring to fall - about 10 months per year. In like manner, group 7 non-anaemia induced rats treated with high dose of the aqueous extract showed n significant decrease in ALP activity relative to group 1. before and after induction of anaemia. To assess the effect of the aqueous leaf extract of Justicia carnea on selected haematological and biochemical parameters, animals used were grouped into seven of four rats each. To 34 feet high and wide. Table 2. The genus is honoured to the Scottish botanist James Justice (1698-1763); the name of the species comes from the Latin “caro, carnis” = meat, with reference to the colour of the flowers. The leaves are rich in iron and calcium that play significant physiological function in oxygen transport through haemoglobin formation and borne mineralization respectively. Tannins when present large amount act as anti-nutrients and interfere with iron absorption by forming complex with iron in the gastrointestinal lumen that reduces bioavailability of iron [34]. It has attractive large quilted foliage. Most of the medicinal properties exhibited by plant extracts such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic and anti-cancerous are associated with their bioactive constituents mainly phenols and flavonoids [13]. The tall flower stems come from the center of the plant and shoot up a couple of feet before blooming in the beginning of the summer. The reduction of proteinuria was significantly higher than with Enalapril (-39%, -63% @ 20, 60 mg/kg/d) at doses significantly reducing systemic blood pressure. The rats were randomly distributed into seven groups of four rats each with group 1 as normal control. The extract could possibly restore blood components through the same mechanism as the standard drug. Habitat: Subtropical open forest. Does great and grows aggressively even in hot climates like mine but benefits from afternoon shade, moist soil and misting. Ipomoea carnea is a shrub growing 1 - 3 metres tall, with an erect or ascending habit when growing in open positions; in shady positions it is more likely to adopt a climbing habit with twining stems up to 5 … Apple-green, oval to elliptic leaves to 2 inches long. The low levels of antinutritional factors such as phytate, trypsin inhibitor, oxalate, hydrogen cyanide, and haemagglutinin contents observed in the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves indicate that they may not able to impair nutrient availability and digestibility. Justicia carnea -- Jacobinia Page 3 October 1999 Other Roots: usually not a problem Winter interest: no special winter interest Outstanding plant: plant has outstanding ornamental features and could be planted more Invasive potential: not known to be invasive Pest resistance: long-term health usually not affected by pests Use and Management Determination of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Lindl.. (1831) is native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. 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