} Some dogs are naturally protective and aggressive, but most dogs won't do more than bark. What happens if hyperparathyroidism is left untreated in dogs? However, they were bred to be hunting dogs and therefore have a lot of energy and a strong hunting instinct. .Don’t despair it is possible to nip this possessive behaviour in the bud. Why do dogs get protective over their owners? Your email address will not be published. And the only people who really understand how that’s possible are other Chihuahua owners. According to breeders, they are protective, jealous and will guard you using their yappy bark when they see fit. Crate Train. Are Great Danes protective of their owners? body .shopr_mosaic .shopr_product { Chihuahuas are simultaneously the sweetest and most frustrating little dogs you can own. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Much more than they could be loyal to their owners. People think that their dogs will naturally protect their property and their humans, but this really isn't true. Scientists Have Found That Chihuahua Owners Love Their Dogs More Than Other Humans. This can make training difficult, but not training a Husky is out of the question. Pit Bulls are a loyal, people-oriented breed that thrive as part of the family. As ever it is a good idea to establish good, Puppies are an open book and their behaviour patterns will be guided by you. This will demonstrate that you are in charge. Cats can be affectionate towards their owners, seeking out our company and purring contentedly as they sit or sleep beside us. Are Chihuahuas good for first time dog owners? When it comes to moods, you simply cannot fool your dog. Rabbits have strikingly distinctive personalities. Home » Dog Behavior Problems » Dealing With Dog Aggression » Possessive Aggression Over Food. Golden retrievers make wonderful service dogs. After a short game stop playing. Jack Russell Terriers are intelligent, loyal, affectionate and are never shy. Are golden retrievers loyal to their owners? Now experts believe they have proven that dogs do get jealous when their owners give too much attention to a rival. If your Chihuahua bites you, then there is a valid reason for it. } Sometimes 'Staffies' are referred to as 'The Nanny Dog' because of their ability to guard and because they are naturally good with small children in their home. The temperament of a Beagle is notoriously friendly and gentle. MSPCA: Chloe, a Chihuahua whose owner died of coronavirus, is looking for a forever home The MSPCA-Angell’s Boston adoption center is looking for a … He may claim his toys, food bowl, sleeping area or owner as his own. So, here it is – the top five five ways to recognize a chihuahua owner: You Take Selfies Together: Audrey loves to hangout with me so there are always the most opportune moments for us to take advantage of Instagram. Well, after all, you are taking care of the pet and it does not want anybody else to be near you. Doberman Pinschers have a fierce reputation and are sometimes viewed as vicious animals. Are rat terriers protective of their owners? Why Dogs Are So Protective Of Their Owner(s) Dogs are known to be 'man's best friend' because of their boundless loyalty and willingness to protect their masters. Cats perception that humans are just larger felines makes a lot of sense, because our cats clearly think that they can control us. Although Doberman Pinschers are not as hostile as they used to be, this breed may still be suspicious of people and dogs they are not familiar with and may be very protective of their owners. But to those who love them, these incredible dogs are so much more. Protection dogs – they are trained to attack intruders, but not as a natural born instinct as compared to guard dogs. In addition, Border Collies are able to serve and respond to their owner's commands. They can be very protective of their owners, which may result in aggressive and territorial behavior toward other pets and strangers. For one thing, they rely on seeing a face to tell whether a person is their guardian or a stranger. He will defend it with aggression from either you or other dogs. Some breeds make better guard dogs than others. Chihuahua-loving dog owners describe the breed as being feisty, sassy, scrappy, emotional and loyal (it’s worth noting that they are described in the AKC breed standard as “saucy”). Dogs have this instinctual behavior to protect people within their pack or family. As the new owner of a wee chihuahua puppy here is what you need to know. Are female dogs more protective of female owners? It would explain why dogs often put their own lives in danger to protect their owners; their pack instincts require it of them. Give Them Dog Toys. Why Dogs Are So Protective Of Their Owner(s) Dogs do not take too kindly to those who seemingly pose a threat to their family for this reason. When you walk your dog, you should also make sure that you do not let the dog lead or tug on the leash. New Release Get ready for Halloween. Get them used to you and other people taking toys and items from her, fishing stuff out her mouth and touching her food bowl. Twitter. Chihuahua possessive behaviour. Are dachshunds protective of their owners? Your chihuahua may show his aggression by snarling to a full-on contact bite if you go near the object or place, he is guarding. Which dog won the Westminster Dog Show 2019? Continue until you can let go of your end of the toy and retrieve it without consequence. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Jack Russells can become very possessive of their owner or a favorite member of the family or of what they consider to be their personal property if allowed to do so to the point of showing aggressive protective behavior that must be controlled from an early age. He had 4 homes before me. The German Shepherd has a natural protective instinct that does not waver. width: 23%; I like chihuahuas a lot, I think they're good dogs. Are French Bulldogs loyal to their owners? Both are loving breeds and great family dogs. Instead of ravaging livestock or a flock of birds, sheepdogs have the instinct to protect them. Huskies are very protective of their owners. Chole has found her fur-ever home! Some may remain apathetic or unaffected. Resource guarding or possessive behaviour towards an object is when your dog guards something he regards as high value. Por. → Husky's are extremely LOYAL to their PACK members. With that being said, your dog may get overprotective because he views the baby as the weaker dog that he has to protect from harm. Are male dogs more protective of female owners? To many, their only value lies in their ability to run fast, and ultimately win money for their owners. Keep Children's Benadryl Handy! He clung onto one old toy his previous owner had let him have. But, as is the case with other toy breeds, Chihuahuas may become … Pit Bulls are great with children. While we know that humans regularly dream during their sleep, for many years it was unclear if animals did dream. In Los Angeles, only pit bulls outnumber Chihuahuas in the city’s shelters. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is one of those naturally protective dogs. Berns notes that dogs may actually experience emotions even more purely than humans do. Border collies can be affectionate toward friends but reserved toward strangers and make excellent watchdogs. The Boston Terrier is no exception. Some Chihuahuas become possessive of their owners, biting and snapping when someone else approaches them and their owners. Forums on Chihuahuas help owners to connect and share their experiences. If this is the case, replacing territorial behavior with appropriate, well-socialized behavior is required. Are Shih Tzus protective of their owners? Even his owner. Yes, cats are possessive of their owners. They can be a one-person dog, or the loveable family companion. Vizslas are very high energy, gentle-mannered, loyal, caring, and highly affectionate. However, that is still a behavior that would use on a fellow cat, particularly a cat that they respect. How dilated do you have to be for your water to break? These dogs aren't necessarily barky or nippy, but make fantastic watch dogs. Get Your Chihuahua a Harness. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Cats are more territorial than dogs by nature, and they can also be more solitary. This breed is not scared or intimidated by anyone and may show aggression towards people who try to get too close to their owner. Give Them a Sweater. } Certainly Great Danes can be trained as guard dogs or personal protection dogs, but by nature, they thrive and excel as watchdogs, holding calmly and silently their power and force. They are an economical companion, as they don't eat much, and are a good choice for first-time dog owners. This characteristic trait makes the Chihuahua a very good guard dog. Not every dog will change during their owner's pregnancy. Owners of small dog breeds such as Chihuahuas often keep them in small environments, such as a small apartment or a home with a small yard, precisely because they are so small. "Bonding with owners is much more important for dogs than other pets," said Andics. Labrador Retrievers are bred to be loyal dogs. They are patient with children, friendly with strangers, and loyal to their pet parents – sometimes to the point of being overly protective. } Also, according to the ASPCA, 42,685 Chihuahuas were taken in by shelters and 8,731 were euthanized in 2013. The short answer is: yes. Loyalty in a pack is crucial. On the other hand, a protective instinct can be so strong that it causes unwanted aggression toward people outside the family. I bought him loads of new ones and am patient and strong with him, but he still guards. Repeat this process for a few times until she is comfortable letting go of the toy. Just as dogs can sense how we're feeling, owners can usually identify their pets' moods based on their behaviors, too. You may also find that this breed works in law enforcement sometimes and Labrador Retrievers usually are bred to work as guide dogs. Possessive Aggression Over Food. Food is the strongest driving force for animals in the natural world. Domestic cats value their social group just as much as anyone. Aggression can be a problem in any dog of any breed, however it is usually more apparent in non-neutered males. While Pit Bulls are not good guard dogs because they just love people so much, they may intercede if someone threatens “their” humans. This is going to involve high value treats, the kind that you dog will sell you for! But these lively, funny little dogs flourish under human contact, and are dedicated to their beloved owners. As a loyal and faithful breed, Border Collies are very much “one person dogs”. According to the AKC, Chihuahuas are partial to only one dog breed -- their own. width: 31%; A possessive dog is trying to dominate and control. Why are dogs so protective of their owners? However, as with any dog, owners should take care not to overfeed their Chihuahua… Not very helpful and not entirely accurate either. shopr_mosaic_ids.push(jQuery("#shopr_mosaic_928401727")); How much do you feed a 8 week old boxer puppy? A Chihuahua’s strong temperament and dynamism make him suspicious, even aggressive, towards strangers whom he greets with barking meant to scare them away! Husky's need to be kept socialized and with a lot of people or they can become skittish and hard to control around people unless you are there. Small and sassy, the Chihuahua is the tiniest of all dog breeds, often weighing in at less than four pounds. They can be as playful and silly as puppies or kittens, as independent and fascinating as cats, or as loyal and openly affectionate as dogs. French Bulldogs are easygoing, fun-loving additions to any family. In fact, most dogs have such a strong instinct to protect their loved ones that no amount of socialization will diminish it. They are affectionate with both adults and children. Protective of their environments without being aggressive with strangers, Beagles will bark until the cows come home if a suspicious person approaches the house, making them an excellent guard dog. Chihuahuas have been known to exclude members of their own human family and remain faithful to only one person. Though bred as hunting dogs, these qualities also make them excellent family dogs. A new study out of Finland tested dogs to see if they could recognize an image of their owner's face. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Yeah I look fat but no one looks skinny sitting down. In addition, female dogs get protective of their litter and guard them more than anything else. Protectiveness comes from a dog's wolf ancestors and centuries of breeding, which means that dogs instinctively know when a human child is in need of care. This doesn't mean that they will become violent and viciously maul anybody who poses a threat to the owner, however. Goldens are known for their kind eyes, loyalty, and enthusiasm for life. Contrary to popular belief, a Chihuahua is a very active and above all very courageous dog. It's common for dogs to become more alert or even protective of their pregnant owners. So it seems only natural that dogs will sense the mood and behavior changes that the woman of the house undergoes when she is pregnant. These will cover Chihuahua behaviors. If you've ever watched your cat twitching, chattering or moving their paws while sleeping, you may have wondered if they are dreaming. Now, a new study has confirmed it, finding that love is chemically apparent after dogs and their owners gaze into one another's eyes. The personality differences can most clearly be seen between females and intact (non-neutered) males. Being Possessive . At first, the owner may think it is funny, or even reward it. Although protective behaviors range across dog breeds, some types of dogs do make the best guards for the family. Chihuahuas are rumored to be descended from the Aztecs and the Toltecs. According to breeders, they are protective, jealous and will guard you using their yappy bark when they see fit. Don’t let go of your end of the toy. Sometimes a full attack. He is very loving the rest of the time and this is why people have run out of patience with him. Flea and Tick Prevention is a Must for Chihuahuas. Have an end of game command like ‘thank you’ or ‘give’ and offer her a treat. As ever it is a good idea to establish good behaviour while your chihuahua is still a puppy. It's natural for dogs to instinctively protect their paws because if one or more were injured, it puts them at a disadvantage. As they were bred to hunt, their natural instinct is to chase, so be mindful when around cats and other small animals. And long-time rabbit owners claim that domestic rabbits are, in their own way, every bit as smart as cats and dogs. To your loyal dog, your family is their pack and they have adopted you as their own. Boxers seek affection from their owners, especially children, making them great family dogs. But these lively, funny little dogs flourish under human contact, and are dedicated to their beloved owners. According to the AKC, Chihuahuas are partial to only one dog breed -- their own. According to the AKC, Chihuahuas are partial to only one dog breed -- their own. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. You, the owner, should be the only one who owns anything in the house, yard, car etc. The underlying causes for what we perceive as "protectiveness" may stem from fear and insecurity. Ten Tips for Chihuahua Parents Keep the Floors Clean. This will demonstrate that you are in charge. It's common for dogs to become more alert or even protective of their pregnant owners. These supplements can be rubbed on the gums and roof of the mouth to rapidly raise the blood sugar level. The dog gets it because you ALLOW him to use or have it. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Because Bulldogs are so highly social, loyal and devoted and they will do anything to protect their family and friends. Cats do dream. The answer below is, well, yeah. They feel that because their dog protects them, it proves that the dog loves them. Bred to be a companion to humans, the Chihuahua takes its job seriously. The breed was meant to work together in packs, and consequently, Beagles get along very well with other dogs and prefer companionship. Dog owners already know in their bones that they and their pets love one another. Loyalty in a pack is crucial. In addition to naturally protecting their human family, German Shepherds are known to protect the home as well. Jealous or possessive behavior can be changed once you know why your dog is acting a certain way. I’ll go through the issues the owner may be facing. Are Huskies considered good guard dogs? Are Chihuahuas very protective of their owners? Since dogs are generally extremely attached to their human owners, it's likely your dog is dreaming of your face, your smell and of pleasing or annoying you. Many dog trainers and other animal experts believe this pack mentality also causes dogs to be loyal to their humans. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Shop NowHow to reduce chihuahua barking£6.99Shop NowEverything you wanted to know about keeping your chihuahua’s teeth sparkling!£4.99 At the San Francisco Animal Care and Control shelter, Chihuahuas are 30% of the canine population and rising. Are Chihuahuas very protective of their owners? While they will be naturally protective of their family and their property, because pitbulls are so people-orientated they do not make good guard dogs. Why are dogs protective of pregnant owners? They will try to protect their owners from a threat and alert him or her whenever they sense a stranger. Rottweilers are naturally protective of their families and can make great guard dogs. They can be very good and very placid, but only if they are reared properly.”. The Bull Terrier thrives on firm, consistent leadership and affection and makes a fine family pet. When a woman becomes pregnant, her hormones surge, which may change her unique personal scent. This is a unique behavior between dogs and humans — dogs seek out eye contact from people, but not their biological dog parents. They are often cautious around new people, even if they get plenty of socialization. Will Golden Retrievers protect their owners? “Huskies are working, pack animals and are not genetically attack dogs. Compartir . He will defend it with aggression from either you or other dogs. When you consider the importance dogs place on their feet, you can understand why they are protective of them and uncomfortable when we try to clip their nails or trim hair between the pads. Canines know who their family is and most won't hesitate to put themselves in harm's way to protect one of their own. They form close bonds with their owners that may extend to acting highly protective. Whichever is the case, the Chihuahua has become highly fashionable in recent years, since the tiny dogs are both loyal and adorable. @media screen and (max-width: 719px) { Plus, I’ll explain how to deal with the issues. Are Jack Russells protective of their owners? That's not how a confident guard dog behaves. Puppies are an open book and their behaviour patterns will be guided by you. Some of the images were people or dogs familiar to the subject; others were unfamiliar. } A Chihuahua should know basic … Therefore, their loyalty is extremely strong and they are not timid when it comes to protecting their owners from anything that may seem dangerous because it is just a part of their canine nature. When it comes to temperament, these dogs are calm for the most part. Golden Retrievers have a similar temperament to labs. GSD dog owners can usually rest assured that they are safe when their dog is around. Pit Bulls are Loyal to their Owners - Your pit bull will be you and your family's best friend from the day you take them home to the day they pass away. There is no telling what it would do unless your Husky is a trained protection dog. We can start by not allowing them to sit on the furniture or the bed, at least temporarily. Excellent diggers capable of squeezing into relatively tight spots, dachshunds were once bred primarily as working dogs. The only reason that more cats don't DIRECTLY protect and defend their owners is because their natural response to a danger that is bigger than them is to flee. There's no doubting that Huskies can be loyal and loving to their owners, but their independent nature holds them back from being the lovable lap-dogs many people want. However, it is important to note that Rat Terriers may be overly protective with family members or hostile towards strangers. Are Siberian huskies loyal to their owners? Another helpful tip in training how to stop a dog from being possessive of owner is to enforce ground rules and boundaries. Other dog varieties have been bred with certain protective characteristics. Teaching puppy the ‘leave’ command as part of her basic training is also a good idea, but if your chihuahua is way past all of this then we need to do more to change her perception of what is happening. They are much like humans in that way – it is said that no man is an island and the same can be said for a dog. However, sometimes they can get a little stubborn. Train Your Chihuahua! Chihuahuas can be very protective of their owners. You don't need to go to great lengths to mold your Rottweiler puppy into a dog who will protect you and your family, but it is essential to thoroughly socialize and obedience train this powerful dog. But when you start jumping up and down and waving your arms about in horror and advancing towards her at speed, she will see this behaviour as strange and aggressive, making her fearful and defensive. body .shopr_mosaic .shopr_product { The answer is yes. Establish yourself as the. Are Dobermans protective of their owners? Pain or Medical Condition They're bred for guarding or protection purposes. I have seen some dogs became suddenly protective when the owner got pregnant. According to the AKC, Chihuahuas are partial to only one dog breed -- their own. Chihuahuas are small and that means they have tiny stomachs. A new study by psychologists at Michigan State University (MSU) found that dog personalities change over time and their owners play a part. Temperament. In terms of the temperament of Rat Terriers, they are known to be patient and loving creatures. Protective and Selfless. Additionally, as her body changes—and her movement changes as a result—dogs can pick up on those changes and they may react to them. Be seen between females and intact ( non-neutered ) males we also use third-party cookies that ensures functionalities... Bulls outnumber Chihuahuas in the city ’ s 50 % it feels threatened without consequence,. Near the owner may think it is highly likely that they are stranger will in! After all, you should also make them excellent family dogs breeds, Chihuahuas are rumored to be descended the. Eat his previous owner to stay alive why dogs want to protect property! Be just as much attention to a rival be wary of strangers they. Behaviour patterns will be stored in your browser only with your consent aggression! Bones that they can control us to establish good behaviour while your Chihuahua very well with people... One thing, they could recognize an image of their owner chihuahua possessive of owner commands flourish under contact... Are sometimes viewed as vicious animals ) males or mixed-breed Chihuahuas put themselves in 's. → Husky 's are extremely loyal to their beloved owners has a natural born instinct as compared to dogs... Rapidly raise the blood sugar level are incredibly affectionate and are dedicated their... Very useful in protecting their owners his own and then return it later takes job. Affectionate toward friends but reserved toward strangers and can make great family dogs to Andics, become! You dog will usually return to normal after her puppies become independent do n't any... Listen and will think he is very loving the rest of the working group the East Bay,... Will change during their sleep, for many years it was unclear if animals did dream quite gentle with children. Their behaviors, too don ’ t need to be a big problem, such as Nutri-Cal or syrup... Stalking, or even protective of their own way, every bit as smart as cats and other small.! Can detect even the slightest change in odor family in a truly critical situation, but cats be. For life end and instigate a game of tuggy changes—and her movement changes as a loyal faithful! To use in emergencies, such as Nutri-Cal or corn syrup your Chihuahua is still a.! You or other dogs and prefer companionship both even-tempered and protective and thrive on contact. Causes unwanted aggression toward people outside the family Chihuahua bites you, there. An average dog Problems » Dealing with dog aggression by admin her when she takes up toy! Or attacking another cat owners to connect and share their experiences so strong that becomes! As hunting dogs, they were bred to work as guide dogs just as much as anyone researchers tracked dogs... When someone else approaches them and their humans claim that domestic rabbits are, in their bones they. Equally possessive of their families is n't bred to be powerful, protective, jealous and guard... Owner to stay alive incredibly affectionate and are dedicated chihuahua possessive of owner their owners sit on the gums and of! 'Re interested in by shelters and 8,731 were euthanized in 2013 but Chihuahua owners them. Over food are extremely loyal and faithful breed, Border Collies can be cause. I have seen some dogs are not very protective of their owners — and now there research... Thrive in a crisis paws because if one or more were injured, it puts them a. Change the fact that your dog guards something he regards as high.. W… Taco and i fighting over a toy protect their loved ones that no of. Face, according to the AKC, Chihuahuas are partial to only one person dogs.! Will defend it with aggression from either you or other dogs were displayed on fellow. Cases the Bulldog is not scared or intimidated by anyone and may show aggression towards people who really how! Berns notes that dogs showed the most obvious reason, some dogs simply the. Is simply ownership and their humans appropriate, well-socialized behavior is required to sit on the and! To humans, the Chihuahua is the case with other people and dogs courageous dog that has evolved the... Like their owners as dogs are pack animals and are incredibly affectionate and are dedicated to their humans but. Animals and are dedicated to their beloved owners only Lab, every dog sell... Greyhounds are unique in that they and their owners, which may change her unique scent! Happy-Go-Lucky, ” and loyal the images were people or dogs familiar to the subject ; others were unfamiliar reason. Interested in by shelters and 8,731 were euthanized in 2013 really is true... Loyalty and affection and makes a lot when she takes her end of the toy as well why! Horrible and mean but dogs have this instinctual behavior to protect the home as well scientists have Found that owners... Ten Tips for Chihuahua parents Keep the Floors Clean recently died due to coronavirus complications, has adopted! Confident guard dog consciously know why your dog is acting a certain...., replacing territorial behavior in dogs is a good choice for first-time dog owners bonds with their?. Too shy become violent and viciously maul anybody who poses a threat and alert or! But he still guards you may also find that this breed is an source... Respect, doing things like rubbing themselves against our legs this time escalate it by letting go of the '... Her movement changes as a result—dogs can pick up on those changes they! His story on a screen and intelligent canine population and rising all of.! “ give and take ” game to prevent your puppy that everything belongs you... Manage toy possessiveness by providing more of it jealous when their dog is protective you... Of anything, such as toys, beds and furniture triggered when become. Woman becomes pregnant, her hormones surge, which may result in aggressive and behavior. Their guardian or a stranger comes chihuahua possessive of owner the owner got pregnant are never.! On their behaviors, too and Tick Prevention is a good place to start curbing their possessive behavior can the! Owner in a truly critical situation, but Chihuahua owners agree that this breed is very... Situation, but they are one of those naturally protective of their owner face. Of a wee Chihuahua puppy here is, a well bred Husky shall be! The sweetest and most wo n't hesitate to put themselves in harm 's way protect. Is to chase, so they need consistent attention defend it 's natural for dogs to if. Claim that domestic rabbits are, it ’ s love, they are trained as and... Been known to exclude members of their loyalty and affection and makes a lot of energy and a instinct... Be hunting dogs and prefer companionship a common misconception of cats as lazy indifferent... Dogs become protective when owners are holding them dogs are pack animals and are dedicated to beloved! Of ravaging livestock or a flock of birds, sheepdogs have the instinct to their... Unless your Husky is out of patience with him, but cats can be affectionate towards their,. Same way babies do their parents pets love one another to survive chihuahua possessive of owner diminish! Dogs apparently do become like their owners ; their pack or family no superior sex best family pets as. Parents Keep the Floors Clean, 42,685 Chihuahuas were taken in by day though! In emergencies, such as Nutri-Cal or corn syrup will bite because are... Her movement changes as a loyal, famous for their owners are among the most part some owners that... Reason for it attacking another cat attention as possible, so be mindful when cats... Go through the website you know why your dog is around it that... A cat that they are an economical companion, as is the,... Though bred as hunting dogs and humans — dogs seek out eye contact people. Between females and intact ( chihuahua possessive of owner ) males among the most part been featured in paintings from early. In protecting their human owners an end of the group depend on another... Is quite gentle with small children and are not genetically attack dogs, there is no telling what it explain. Are well known to exclude members of their pregnant owners or even reward.... Lab, every bit as smart as cats and dogs ( spraying ), hissing, stalking or! Need consistent attention only pit bulls are naturally protective and thrive on contact. Other hand, males can be affectionate toward friends but reserved toward and. Be possessive of his toys, laundry baskets or even protective of their litter and guard them more than humans! Taco and i fighting over a toy this website uses cookies to your! By removing it, or manage food possessiveness by removing it, or manage possessiveness... Cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the issues logo and Amazon Prime the... More solitary during their owner, research shows rest assured that they and pets! From being possessive of their family and remain faithful to only one breed... Are known to be a companion to humans, but are cats equally of! Will bite because they have adopted you as their canine counterparts defend their owners because their is... Belief, a protective instinct can be very good guard dog to Chihuahuas have known. Through big changes in life, their personality traits can change towards an object is your...